Everything about Dental Caries

April 12, 2022 - toothbar - 0 comments Everything about Dental Caries
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Dental caries is the most common oral cavity disease in the world. It is caused by a process called demineralization, which causes changes to enamel, dentin, and cementum. Dentin is the hardest part of the tooth, and it serves as a support for the crowns and roots. The enamel is a protective layer on the surface of teeth that contains no nerves or blood vessels but acts as an interface between gums and teeth.

Enamel is hard, so it can lead to dental caries if it breaks down. Demineralization occurs when tooth enamel is attacked by acids such as those produced by bacteria or food debris left on teeth after eating. These acids dissolve minerals from the enamel, producing cavities (also known as caries). Here is everything about dental caries and Austin preventative dentistry.

Causes of Dental Caries

Dental caries are caused by the breakdown of the hard outer layer of the tooth called enamel. This happens when bacteria produce acids that dissolve away minerals from the enamel’s surface. The bacteria produce acids by fermenting sugars in food, which they use for energy. These acids attack the surface of teeth and dissolve away minerals in the enamel, causing cavities (also known as caries).


The symptoms of dental caries are pain and sensitivity in a tooth that has been affected by decay. The pain can be due to irritation from bacteria or acid eating away at the tooth’s inner layer. The sensitivity occurs when bacteria break down dentin, which causes inflammation and infection around areas where decay has occurred.

Treatment Methods

The treatment methods for dental caries include the following:

1. Dental Fillings

A dental filling is made of a hard material like metal or glass that is used to cover a cavity (also known as caries). A dental filling can be filled on the same day, or it can be left to heal on its own and then filled later. The fillings are made of a material that doesn’t decay, like calcium or titanium.

2. Dental Crowns

A dental crown replaces the original tooth damaged by decay and broken off from the tooth root. A crown is made from porcelain, gold, or another metal composite. It is placed over the damaged tooth and then cemented with dental cement, which hardens to make a strong bond between the crown and tooth root. The crown covers only the area where decay has occurred, leaving all other tooth parts untouched.

3. Root Canal

A root canal is a procedure that cleans, seals, and reshapes the inside of the tooth. The procedure is used to treat infections around the tooth root that have caused decay. A filling may be placed in the cavity after completing root canal therapy.

How Do I Prevent Dental Caries?

To keep your teeth healthy, you need to brush and floss often. You should also avoid eating sugary foods, leading to tooth decay. You should also see your dentist every six months for Austin preventative dentistry or have your teeth checked and cleaned.

Contact Austin Cosmetic Dentistry Today

If you have dental caries, you will need to contact a dentist from Toothbar. We offer professional Austin restorative dentistry. We will help you repair any damage that has been done to your teeth. We offer Austin cosmetic dentistry to give you a beautiful smile. Visit our website today and schedule a consultation with our staff.

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